New Nursing Home Payments Under PDPM

Original story posted on: August 28, 2019

HIV/AIDS payments, in particular, are under the microscope.

The new Patient-Driven Payment Model, or PDPM, makes radical changes to the Medicare payment model for nursing homes. One of the largest changes is the reimbursement rate for services provided to HIV and AIDS patients.

In 2016, there were 15,807 deaths among people with diagnosed HIV in the United States. This would equate to one death for every nursing home in the country.

The new PDPM system increases nursing home payments for HIV patients in two ways. First, one of the six payment categories under PDPM is for “non-therapy adjustments,” or NTAs. The NTA payment is composed of a base payment of $76.86 per day for rural skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) and $80.45 per day for urban SNFs. The base rate is then multiplied by the case mix index (CMI). Here is where the first big bump comes. The CMI runs from a low of 0 to a high of 3.25. A 3.25 CMI add on equates to a $260 per day add-on. The NTA add-on is computed by applying a weighted score for certain diagnoses. Each qualifying diagnosis has a score between 1 and 8. The full 3.25 add-on requires a cumulative score of 16 points. HIV has the highest score of 8 for a single diagnosis. Considering other diagnoses in the list that HIV patients are likely to have, most HIV patients will have a full NTA count of 16. 

In addition, another of the six payment categories, nursing, gets an HIV add-on of 18 percent. This alone adds another approximately $20 per day.

Does this shift from physical, occupational, and speech therapy driving reimbursement to certain diagnoses driving reimbursement make sense? Maybe.

It gets murkier as we get into diagnoses such as depression driving reimbursement.

Recently I was talking to a fellow contributor to ICD10monitor, Glenn Krauss, and I think he hit the real point. Nursing home medical records are generally terrible. Moreover, nursing homes were passed over when the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act provided financial incentives for physicians and hospitals to move to electronic medical records. Documenting HIV is not that complicated, and may only require carrying over the diagnosis from the acute hospital record. 

Many of the other diagnoses required for PDPM will have to come from and agree to medical records. The problem is exacerbated by the software currently used to compile the Minimum Data Set, or MDS, which drives nursing home billing. Most MDS systems are point-and-click, and MDS coordinators may click on things they believe to be true but are not captured in the medical record.

Nursing homes that fail to improve their medical records are going to face huge losses in revenue and compliance issues.

Timothy Powell, CPA CHCP

Timothy Powell is a nationally recognized expert on regulatory matters, including the False Claims Act, Zone Program Integrity Contractor (ZPIC) audits, and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Office of Inspector General (OIG) compliance. He is a member of the RACmonitor editorial board and a national correspondent for Monitor Mondays.

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Related Articles

  • CMS Finalizes Payment Rules for IPFs, SNFs, Hospices 
     Federal officials seek enhancements to the Medicare program through payment realignment. The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) has finalized Medicare rules adjusting payments for three types of providers: inpatient psychiatric facilities (IPFs), skilled nursing facilities (SNFs), and hospices.…
  • Nursing Homes – It Is All About Case Mix
    Based on latest filed Medicare cost reports, a little over 12 percent of all skilled nursing facility or “SNF” patients are Medicare recipients. This is excluding Medicare Advantage patients.  By comparison, over 57 percent of patient days were for Medicaid…
  • One Third of All Florida COVID-19 Deaths Are In Nursing Homes
    The new coronavirus is linked to 1,502 deaths among residents of nursing homes and assisted-living facilities in Florida, a new state report shows. It’s an increase of 145 deaths in one week. This is particularly sad when we remember the patients…